If you have ever dabbled in a wine conversation or two, the terms “old world wine” and “new world wine” may have crossed your winey path. Why is there so much wine terminology? I know, I'm with you on that one. Luckily the difference here, actually is quite simple and interesting. Let me explain.
Winemaking originated in the Middle East; Babylon, Roman empire and surrounding area. That being said, wine production in Europe and the Middle East has long been established. Wine from countries such as France, Italy, Germany, Spain and Portugal would be "old world" wines.
Now, as European countries colonized the world, they introduced vines and wine production to their colonies. Wines from countries like Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, America, Argentina, Chile will be classified as "new world" wines.
Other than the geographical difference, the two terms also refers to a difference in wine style. "New world" wine tend to be higher in alcohol and fruitier. "Old world" wines are well balanced, with higher acidity and earthy tones. So technically, a winery in California could produce an “old world” style of wine.
Next time you wine somewhere, see if you can spot the difference between an "old world" and a "new world" wine without looking where the wine was made.
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